- Published on Wednesday, 07 January 2015 07:23
We are using Murray Bookchin's Ecology of Freedom in Critical Thinking to inform our discussions on governance. Originally, a Marxist, Bookchin quickly became disillusioned with the centralised, tyrannical nature of communist Russia and China, concluding that scale and the resultant concentration of power was the cause of despotism. His criticism of capitalism is that it relies on the domination of people and nature to the detriment of both. He draws on anthropology and understanding of former civilisations to describe how we can recast civilisation in harmony with nature while utilising the benefits of technology and knowledge not available to previous civilisations. Ecology of Freedom is comprehensive, detailed and extensively referenced.
Imprisoned PKK leader, Abdul Ocalan, was(is) wrestling with similar ideas in working for the liberation of the Kurdish people and considered himself a student of Bookchin. He applied Bookchin's ideas to restructuring the PKK into a non-hierarchical movement and said that freedom for the Kurds will only be possible when all people are free.
Bookchin, Öcalan, and the Dialectics of Democracy By Janet Biehl
The Windy Roads to Kurdish LIberation
February 3-5, 2012, a a conference was organized in Hamburg, Germany. The theme was “Challenging Capitalist Modernity: Alternative concepts and the Kurdish Question.” The following text was delivered as a speech to the conference.
Our conversation on governance starts this evening and we will be working to develop principles for non-hierarchical, self-organising structures which could underpin a civilisation in harmony with nature and in which individual freedom and creativity flourish.